Gauranga Mahaprabhu is the combined form of Radha and Krishna. He is Krishna from inside and He has covered Himself with the mood and golden complexion of Shrimati Radhika (“antar krsna bahir gaura”). Krishna is Nyaydheesh (Lord of Justice) but Gaur is Kripadheesh (Lord of Mercy). This transformation in Krishna’s nature is taking place because of Radha’s merciful mood which wraps Krishna. But in the Pastimes of Gaur we find that He did act as Nyaydheesh many times. So we can see that although He was covered by the mood of Ashraya Vigraha, Radha, He was sometimes not able to control His inner mood of Godhood as Vishaya Vigraha, Krishna. He was sometimes acting as the topmost devotee and sometimes as the topmost Lord. It is quite interesting to note that even Nitai had a golden complexion just like that of Gaur.
Shrila Bhaktisiddhant Saraswati Thakur writes in his commentary to the first verse of Shri Chaitanya Bhagawat, “Since They (Nitai and Gaur) both perform pastimes in the mood of devotees, Their complexions are golden.“
Let me present an explanation to the above quote along with its implications. Krishna became golden because He adopted the mood of His topmost devotee (Radha). Nitai became Golden too, because He was absorbed in the remembrance of Gaur. However, this seems an incomplete reason why Nitai was also having golden complexion. Balaram also turns Shyam sometimes due to intense remembrance of Krishna but He is not having a permanent Shyam complexion. Nitai’s love for Gaur was the same as Balaram’s love for Krishna. Then why Nitai was permanently golden in color? Balaram was mostly having whitish complexion and only sometimes He used to have the complexion of Krishna due to intense remembrance. This even happened with Nitai when He gave darshan to Shrila Krishnadas Kaviraj. He gave darshan in a Shyam complexion because He was intensely absorbed in the remembrance of Krishna. Thus, we must conclude that there was some other reason why Nitai had a permanent golden complexion.
Actually, when Krishna took the mood of Radhika, Balaram also used this opportunity and took the mood of His expansion Ananga Manjari.There is a very confidential reason behind it. Gaur preached to the fallen souls through Nitai. He Himself was having Radha bhav but He did not come to give Radha bhav to all. He came to give the highest possible bhav which can be attained by jivas, that is, Radha’s palya dasi bhav. Here comes Nitai. He distributed this highest Manjari bhav after relishing it Himself by adopting the mood of Anang Manjari. This is precisely the reason why Shrila Nitaipreshthji addresses Nitai as Manjari-bhav data. Even Nitai’s own Sakhas began worshipping Radha-Krishna deities this time. This is also a confidential reason why Nitai is more merciful than Gaur as He is a devotee both inside (servitor Godhead) and outside (Radha’s palya dasi), whereas Gaur is a devotee only from outside. Thus, we don’t see any fluctuations in the merciful nature of Nitai but we can see that in the nature of Gaur who sometimes became very strict even with His own personal associates. Moreover, we know that the Manjaris are more merciful than even Radha. Krishna adopted Radha bhav and Balaram adopted Radha’s palya dasi bhav. So who will be more merciful? Gaur or Nitai?
Worthless disciple of Shrila Nitaipreshthji,